Sep 25, 2012 – Research Article. Open Access. Volume 1 • Issue 4 • 1000e114. Organic Chem Curr Res. ISSN:2161-0401 OCCR an open access journal.
Lignin is a complex and random polymer. This representative substructure shows some of the common linkages in lignin
A new method for synthesising model lignin oligomers will help scientists turn plant matter into biofuel
Unlike cellulose, a plant cell wall component with a repeating polymer structure, lignin is a complex and random polymer. The chemical units are linked by different connectivities, so one single process cannot attack all of these bonds. Previously, monomers and dimers were used to model chemical linkages of lignin, but were too simple for the study of lignin itself. More complex trimers, tetramers and hexamers have been synthesised, but with inefficient, low-yielding methods. read all at http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2013/10/model-lignin-oligomers-biofuel
The GRASS software has a green chemistry-focussed approach to solvent design
Scientists in France have developed a computer-assisted organic synthesis program to design sustainable solvents from bio-based building blocks.
Finding clean, sustainable alternatives to petroleum-derived solvents and chemicals is a matter of increasing urgency in the chemical industry worldwide.
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Atheroprotective activity of Spirulina may be due to it having a protein with a similar structure to bilirubin
Spirulina platensis, a water blue-green alga and food supplement due to its high amount of proteins, polysaccharides, and vitamins, has been associated with potent biological effects.
Atheroprotective Activity of Spirulina
In order for our body to ensure all organ functions it needs natural nutrients in the best and highest concentration. Spirulina’s “natural treasure chest” contains a unique and balanced combination of the highest levels of natural substances that are essential for good health. Spirulina has a very thin cell wall, which enables vital nutrients to be easily absorbed by the body.
Spirulina in comparison
Spirulina contains more than 4.000 vital substances and nutrients and it is also nutritionally superior compared to usual foods.
- 300 % more calcium than unskimmed milk
- 2.300 % more iron than spinach
- 3.900 % more beta-carotene than carrots
- 375 % more protein than tofu
Further information: www.algae-facts.com
Cocultures of microalgae and cyanobacteria show higher biomass production for biofuel than their monocultures