Overcoming barriers to green chemistry in the pharmaceutical industry – the Green Aspiration Level™ concept

Image result for Frank Roschangar

Image result for Frank Roschangar

Scheme 1. Pfizer’s Commercial Synthesis of sildenafil citrate (Viagra™)

Image result for Overcoming Barriers to Green Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry - The Green Aspiration Level™ Concept

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Image result for Frank Roschangar

Image result for Frank Roschangar

“Green chemistry” refers to the promotion of safe, sustainable, and waste-minimizing chemical processes. The proliferation of green chemistry metrics without any clear consensus on industry standards is a significant barrier to the adoption of green chemistry within the pharmaceutical industry. We propose the Green Aspiration Level™ (GAL) concept as a novel process performance metric that quantifies the environmental impact of producing a specific pharmaceutical agent while taking into account the complexity of the ideal synthetic process for producing the target molecule. Application of the GAL metric will make possible for the first time an assessment of relative greenness of a process, in terms of waste, versus industry standards for the production process of any pharmaceutical. Our recommendations also include a simple methodology for defining process starting points, which is an important aspect of standardizing measurement to ensure that Relative Process Greenness (RPG) comparisons are meaningful. We demonstrate our methodology using Pfizer’s Viagra™ process as an example, and outline aspiration level opportunities for industry and government to dismantle green chemistry barriers.

Graphical abstract: Overcoming barriers to green chemistry in the pharmaceutical industry – the Green Aspiration Level™ concept

Overcoming barriers to green chemistry in the pharmaceutical industry – the Green Aspiration Level™ concept

*Corresponding authors
aChemical Development US, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Ridgefield, USA
E-mail: frank.roschangar@boehringer-ingelheim.com
bDelft University of Technology, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
Green Chem., 2015,17, 752-768

DOI: 10.1039/C4GC01563K, http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2015/gc/c4gc01563k#!divAbstract

“ALL FOR DRUGS” CATERS TO EDUCATION GLOBALLY, No commercial exploits are done or advertisements added by me. This article is a compilation for educational purposes only.

P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent

///////////green chemistry,  pharmaceutical industry

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